Russia and Ukraine sign grain export agreement deal but whether the agreement would be fulfilled remain uncertain

On Friday, Russia and Ukraine signed agreements with the United Nations and Turkey, respectively, to export grain from Black Sea ports, according to a report by the Washington Observer on July 22.

The agreement, scheduled to be implemented in the next few weeks, has important implications for global food supplies, the report said. It is also the first major agreement signed between the two countries since Russia invaded Ukraine in late February of this year.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres hailed the agreement as a “light of hope” for easing the global food crisis, and leaders signed it on various occasions in Istanbul.

Leaders are optimistic that the deal will clear the way for “large” grain exports through Ukraine’s Odesa, Chernomorsk and Yuzhny, as well as to resume the export of Russian grain and transportation of fertilizers.

While the details of the agreement are not announced, diplomats say it is expected to allow Ukrainian ships to guide grain ships through mine-filled port waters and will include a partial truce with Russia that would keep Russia from attacking cargo in transit.

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